Tuesday, April 24, 2018

Daniel Frank Kelly


1886 - 1916

'No Known Grave'

Photo supplied by Maggie Goss

   Daniel Frank Kelly was born in November 1886 in Sebastian, Victoria, Australia. 


The eldest child and son of Michael Kelly and Margaret Mary Mulvahill, Daniel was a hard working lad and was working as a Butcher at A W Brown Butcher Marong, Victoria, Australia, in 1913.  He was also involved in the Hibernian Australian Catholic Benefit Society (HACBS) a church based support network that had been established by Irish immigrants.
By 1914 as the clouds of world war one were rumbling in Europe, Daniel was living and working in Raywood, Bendigo, Victoria, Australia and Daniel was still working as a butcher.

War broke out on the 28 July 1914,when Archduke Franz Ferdinand of the Austro-Hungarian Empire was assassinated in Sarajevo.The Austro-Hungarian Empire declared war on Serbia on 1 August 1914.

      He didn't rush off for the 'adventure of a life time', he waited until the stories of great battles were being reported in the newspapers of the day and finally signed up on the 12 July 1915, 'The Great War' had been going at that time for nearly a year. He was 28 years & 9 months old, 5' 9" tall, fair complexion, blue eyes, auburn hair and 'clean shaven'.  At that time he had been working for A W Brown Butcher Marong, Victoria for three years. He would have been considered an ideal candidate for the armed forces because of his 'stable' work history.

His service number was 3049 and he was assigned to Depot Coy 51, 6th Battalion Infantary AIF 10/6 Reinforcement, Firstly as a Private and then Lance Corporal on 4 August 1916 when he was serving in France.

He proceeded to join the british expeditionary forces 26 March 1916 at Alexandria, then disembarked at Marsailles from the HMAT Ballarat.

Daniel was involved in the Battle of Pozières 23 July 1916 to 7 August 1916 which involvedmany battalions and divisions (see https://www.awm.gov.au/collection/E37)
He was listed as Wounded and Mission' on the 15 August 1916. His mother continued to write to the AIF and request information about the where abouts of her son...

 A Court of Enquiry was held on the 29 June 1917 where evidence was put forward to explain what had happened to Daniel Frank Kelly. It was stated that Daniel had been killed 15th August 1916, cause of death, 'Killed in Action' Place of burial - 'Particulars not yet to hand'.

Eventually details filtered back to Australia and Fr O'Carroll of Marong, through the Defence department and they were published.

It wasn't until the Red Cross investigated that more details and the following came to light during these investigations:


The results of these investigations shows that Daniel Frank Kelly was buried in the little cemetary to the right of the Chalk Pits in Sausage Gully, Pozières. He was hit in the back sitting in the reserve trench, whilst waiting to go into the trenches in Confirmation Wood (Eye witness report of W. Livingstone & Charles Stavely)

This ANZAC Day 

we remember 

Daniel Frank Kelly 1886 - 15 August 1916.

[1]      Ancestry.com, Public Member Trees (Provo, UT, USA, Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2006), www.ancestry.com.au, Database online. Record for Daniel Frank Kelly. http://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?db=pubmembertrees&h=190073392769&indiv=try.
[2]      Ancestry.com, Australia Birth Index, 1788-1922 (Provo, UT, USA, Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010), www.ancestry.com.au, Record for Daniel Kelly. http://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?db=AusBirthIndex&h=644682&indiv=try.
[3]      Ancestry.com, Australia, WWI Service Records, 1914-1920 (Provo, UT, USA, Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2015), Ancestry.com, Record for Daniel Frank Kelly. http://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?db=AUSWWIService&h=64177&indiv=try.
[Source citation includes one media item]
[4]      Ancestry.com, Australian Electoral Rolls, 1903-1954 (Provo, UT, USA, Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2010), www.ancestry.com.au, Record for Daniel Frank Kelly. http://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?db=AUSelectoralrolls&h=9457244&indiv=try.
[Source citation includes one media item]
[5]      Ancestry.com, Australian Electoral Rolls, 1903-1954 (Provo, UT, USA, Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2010), www.ancestry.com.au, Record for Daniel Frank Kelly. http://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?db=AUSelectoralrolls&h=168214086&indiv=try.
[Source citation includes one media item]

Tuesday, April 25, 2017



I first became aware of the Three Young Men from Charters Towers, whilst doing research 
(2002-2015) on Samuel William HARRY whose life was detailed in 2015. You may read Samuel's story here. Hugh Quinn the second (who had Quinns Post named after him) had his story told here...these two men were mates in Charters Towers, Queensland. They had many common interests too. But, there was also a third young man, whose name was John Francis Walsh.

One of the main reasons for doing John's story last, was that I truly believed that it would be difficult to tell his story. But, I was so, so wrong.


John Francis Walsh was the third son of John Walsh and Ellen Buckley born 1 February 1890 in Charters Towers. He had three brothers, Edward Peter, Robert Joseph, William John and an elder sister Mary Catherine Walsh. John was educated at the Boys' Central State School, Charters Towers and went on to the Townsville Grammar School, Townsville. 

Boys' Central State School, Charters Towers

http://www.bonzle.com/pictures-over-time/pictures-taken-in-1904/page-4/size-3/picture-d7rl5ng1/charters-towers/students-and-staff-gathered-outside-boys-central-state-school-charters-towers-1904 (Accessed 25 April 2017)

He became a Forwarding & Customs Agent (A person that organises shipments for individuals or corportations to get goods from the customer to a market or final point of distribution, used widely in the area of shipping consignments). As such he travelled between Cairns and Townsville in this position. He had a great life and was involved in the St. Monica's Amateur Dramatic Society along with his fiance Angela Theresa Hogan (known as Tess Hogan) they had become engaged on Saturday the 13th December 1913.  

Engagement Notice
"Town & Country" Cairns Post (Qld. : 1909 - 1954) 
13 December 1913: 6. Web. 25 Apr 2017 

Tess was a music teacher, who worked for one of the local schools. She was also a fine singer, appearing in musical productions for many years.

MUSICAL ANNOUNCEMENT. (1913, January 21). 
Cairns Post (Qld. : 1909 - 1954), p. 4. 
Retrieved April 25, 2017, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article39924274

Edmonton Concert. (1919, July 24). 
Cairns Post (Qld. : 1909 - 1954), p. 4. 
Retrieved April 25, 2017, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article40338912

Tess was a well loved part of the Walsh family in Charter's Towers as evidenced in the social news of the time:

1914 'SOCIAL ITEMS.', 
The Northern Miner (Charters Towers, Qld. : 1874 - 1954), 5 December, p. 7. ,
 viewed 25 Apr 2017, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article85477976

John's first commission was dated 22nd February 1909, as 2nd. Lieutenant, and as Lieutenant on, the 8th May, 1911. He became Captain on 22nd. April 1912, at the creditably early age of twenty-two, he embarked for duty on the 8th August 1914 in Cairns, traveling to Thursday Island (War Station) Garrison Duty. He enlisted for duty 'outside Australia' on the 14th August 1914 in the Kennedy Regiment, and when the regiment was mobilised and sent to Thursday Island, he accompanied them aboard the Kanowna on the 16th August 1914, to take part in the capture of German New Guinea. He did not take part in this 'capture' due to a mutiny of the crew occuring, (but that's another story).

The unit was disbanded on the 18th September 1914, when volunteers were called for service in the Pacific, he was amongst the first of them, as had been Hugh Quinn and Samuel William Harry, and on the return of  the Kanowna to Townsville, he, also with the others of North Queensland's best, offered their services abroad and they were eagerly accepted. 

From the Cairns Post (Qld. : 1909 - 1954), Thursday 6 May 1915, page 4


Killed in Action.

A painful sensation was caused in Cairns on Wednesday when it was known that the late Area Ofiicer of this district had been killed in action at the Dardanelles. The keenest regret was everywhere expressed, and many tributes to the deceased officers worth were heard on all sides. Speaking on the subject, Lieutenant N. P. Draper said, "Walsh was undoubtedly the smartest' officer in the Kennedy Regiment. He was always enthusiastic, and a power of strength to any of the officers who had the pleasure of serving with him. On the late expedition to New Guinea he proved his theoretical knowledge in actual practice. His ever cheerful nature and constant anxiety. for the comfort of his men gained him the respect of all ranks."

John Francis Walsh was just over twenty-five years of age, having been born on the 1st. February, 1890. His first commission was dated 22nd February 1909, as 2nd. Lieutenant, and as Lieutenant on, the 8th May, 1911. He became Captain on 22nd. April 1912, at the creditably early age of twenty-two. He sailed for Egypt among, the Second Contingent, with the rank of Lieutenant, under which he is referred to in the official cas-ualty list. His inclustion in this Fifth Division at the Dardenalles proves that that Division is not exclusively composed of First Contingent men.

In private life the late Captain Walsh enjoyed the esteem of all who knew. him. He won his way by merit, not by bluster. In addition to his military duties he was an active participant in the social amenities of. Cairns, and his Work in connection with St. Monica's Amateur Dramatic Society will long be remembered. He was a member of a well-known Charters Towers family, and was engaged to a highly-respected Cairns young lady. To all the bereaved, relatives the most earnest sympathy is extended.
This, so far as is known, is the first Cairns casualty in actual warfare. We must face the fact that it will not be.the last.

A Requiem Mass will be held at St.. Monica's on Saturday morning.

An excellent likeness of the late Captaln Walsh will be published in next week's "Northern Herald."

Studio portrait of Captain John Francis Walsh

15th Battalion from Charters Towers, Queensland. Recruited in May 1907 into the 2nd Infantry, he was promoted to Sergeant in June 1908 and commissioned a Second Lieutenant in February 1909. Later promotions saw him a Lieutenant on 8 May 1911 and a Captain on 22 April 1912. He embarked for Garrison Duty on Thursday Island on 8 August 1914, was transferred to the Australian Naval and Military Expeditionary Force (AN&MEF) as a Captain on 14 August 1914 and embarked for New Guinea two days later. He joined the AIF as a 24 year old on 28 September 1914 and embarked for overseas with A Company, 15th Battalion from Melbourne on 22 December 1914 aboard HMAT Ceramic. After being promoted to Major on 1 February 1915, he was killed in action at Gallipoli on 28 April 1915 and is commemorated on the Lone Pine Memorial, Gallipoli, Turkey with others who have no known grave.
Source: https://www.awm.gov.au/collection/H16803/ (Accessed 25 April 2017)

Lone Pine - Memorial_walsh-jf-hs-00

The effects of Major John Francis were despatched via the Kanowna on the 20th October 2015.  The very ship that had transported him to Gallipoli was now taking his belongings back to Australia.  The contents are listed here:

As if losing her son wasn't bad enough...the army then requested this information, even after Ellen Walsh was named 'next of kin' on all his paperwork.  Ellen than had to contest the bureaucracy of the army...

They wanted to give the medals to his deceased father...John Walsh. They wanted a 'nearer blood relations'.  The sadest part of this story is that by the time the medals were 'awarded' Ellen Walsh had died.

Major John Francis

A Company, 15th Battalion, Australian Imperial Force

Born 1st February,1890 at Charters Towers, Queensland, Australia
[Birth certificate: 90/006950 Qld]

Educated: Boys' Central State School, Charters Towers; Townsville Grammar School, Townsvile, Queensland

Single; Forwarding agent and [Military] Area Officer, of Cairns and Townsville, Queensland

Next of Kin listed as: Father; John Walsh. Mother; Ellen Walsh (nee Buckley), of Corner of Jane & Stubley Streets, Charters Towers Qld.

Photos of Major Walsh are known to exist in the following locations: 
Townsville Grammar School Magazine Mar 1916 p179. Group photo Chataway facing p18 & facing p27. Brisbane Daily Mail 6 May 1915 p4. Sydney Mail 19 May 1915 p8

Source:http://www.anzacs.org/pages/AOwalsh.html (Accessed 25 April 2017)


Friday, January 27, 2017

To The Year That Was...To The Year Coming...Experts In Genealogy Full Steam Ahead!!!

Goodbye 2016...Hello 2017

"Celebrate Your Genealogy Feats of 2016!"

Thanks to an email I received late last year from Diane Haddad Editor, Family Tree MagazineI’d like to finally bid goodbye to the year that was 2016…(better late, than never). It wasn’t one of my fav years, I had my biggest health challenge to date, a diagnosis of Leukaemia…but it is a battle that I’m currently winning. So whilst the year didn’t progress well for me initially, it ended up on a much happier note. So now I'm going to celebrate my genealogy feats of 2016...

Genealogy was 'technically' put on ‘hold’ as I focused on getting well as quickly as possible. But I did manage a few wins…

Completed the second blog about ‘Three Young Men From Charters Towers’ who went to Gallipoli and didn’t return home. This year will be about the third…it’s due for publication 25 April 2017 – Look out for it. The first one I did is here

Cousin Michael & Fiona

My Cousin arrived from Germany for a ‘flying’ visit and yes, he loved this gorgeous country...we shared as much family information as we could.  I know we shall remain close and help each other to collect even more information.  Particularly the Bohemian Glassblowers on our Hegenbarth Grandmother's line. I can feel a blog coming on...

My DNA Results

Finally got a response from one of my requests on Ancestry re a DNA match…yay…yay…yay!!! Better still a match on a line that I had very little knowledge until recently - another blog coming very soon!

Got to connect with more gene friends on facebook. They help me try/experience more things and grow as a genealogist – thank you, friends :)

Blogged a little more…told my father in law's story (the short version) then started to tell the story of my father –  which became a much bigger task than I had initially realised…it’s still to be completed…but I’m on my way. Here is Part One & Part Two

Got lots of drafts ready (part of the way, at least) for the blog, which will be telling the story of my Ancestors and that has to be a good thing.

Made some positive decisions about moving forward with Genealogy – It’s my passion and my purpose

Yes, I still have a lot ahead of me…but it does look like 2016 was paving the way for 2017 to be the... 


Sunday, November 6, 2016

The Gundpowder Plot - Guy Fawkes Night The Origins & Why It's Still Celebrated Today

Who remembers Guy Fawkes Night?  Back in the 1950's and 60's it became commonplace with the development of the quarter acre blocks of homes being developed. Every 5th of November families would gather around for the spectacular effects of the fireworks.

We used to have pinwheels shooting from the fence, roman wheels, penny bangers making lots of noise and smoke...it was fun. Regulations regarding fireworks is a state issue. It got banned by most states in Australia in the 1980's by the governments of the country because too many people were getting injured by the fireworks. Currently, the only states to allow fireworks are the Northern Territory and Tasmania.

Fireworks in London 1952

But where did this all originate from and why did it remain such a tradition for families?

It became known as the Gunpowder Plot of 1605.  But in earlier centuries it was often called the Gunpowder Treason Plot or even the Jesuit Treason.  It came about as a failed assassination attempt against King James I of England and VI of Scotland. The group responsible for this failed attack were provincial English Catholics led by Robert Catesby.

The group of plotters first met on the 20th May 1604. Robert Catesby was joined by some friends, Thomas Wintour, Jack Wright and Thomas Percy.  They met at the Duck and Drake, located in the Strand. A fifth person was Guy Fawkes. Fawkes was from York but he had been recruited by the group from Flanders, He had relevant experience, having already served in the Spanish army.

A plan was hatched to blow up Parliament House in Westminster and to this end they leased a small house located in the centre of Westminster, where Fawkes was placed as a caretaker, using the alias of John Johnson.

Parliament had been postponed to not sit again until the 5th November 1605.  In the meantime, the group had increased to a total of ten.  Robert Keyes, Robert Wintour, John Grant and Kit Wright were all related to the original members and one other was a servant of Catesby, Thomas Bates who was a very loyal servant and equally passionate to be involved.

In the March of 1605, the group proceeded to take out a lease of a ground floor cellar, which was located near the house they had rented earlier.  The cellar was positioned directly underneath the House of Lord.  They gradually moved in 36 barrels of gunpowder, which was enough to blow up everything in its vicinity, should it be ignited.

Guy Fawkes was rallying for support and went back to Flanders, where he was spotted by English spies, who reported his dealings.  A link was eventually made between Fawkes and Catesby. Still, more plotters were recruited, Ambrose Rookwood, Francis Tresham and Sir Everard Digby. The last two were of means and owned a large number of horses, which the plotters required to acquire for the plot to succeed.

The whole point of the uprising was to bring Elizabeth, daughter of King James I of England and VI of Scotland in as a puppet queen, to give the Catholics in England more empathy and religious tolerance. Which they felt had vanished during the reign of King James.

The plot was 'leaked' to the government via an anonymous letter on October 26th 1605. During a thorough search of the House of Lords, around midnight on the 4th November 1605, Guy Fawkes was caught 'red-handed' guarding the 36 barrels of gunpowder and he was arrested. Others tried to flee from London as they became aware of the arrest of Fawkes.  They were captured, Catesby was shot and killed along with another, during an altercation with the Sheriff of Worcester. Eight of the surviving plotters were tried on the 27th January 1606.  All were convicted to be hanged, drawn and quartered.

By Unknown (printed for P. Brooksby, I. Deacon, I. Blare, I. Back.) - http://ebba.english.ucsb.edu/ballad/20990/citation, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=8524375

Following the thwarting of the plot, Londoners were encouraged to celebrate the King's escape from assassination, by lighting bonfires and this tradition continues today.

To read more about this fascinating story go here.  I hope you have enjoyed reading the story behind the tradition.


Fiona Tellesson
Sharing the passion of family history
Chief Genealogist
Experts In Genealogy

Monday, October 10, 2016

How A Young Man From War-Torn Germany Found His Utopia On The Other Side Of The World Part Two

How A Young Man From War-Torn Germany Found His Utopia On The Other Side Of The World.

Continuing the story of Arno Josef Zapf born 3rd July 1932 in Staffelstein, Bavaria, Germany. See here for Part One, if you missed it or just want to refresh your memory.

Arno applied to the Australian Government for the opportunity to emigrate.  To do so he had to commit to the Australian Government for two years work.  He freely admitted that he had never heard of Australia and didn't even know where it was...He thought he was going to America...

The fares of the migrants were paid for by the Australian and West German Governments with assistance from the inter-governmental committee of the immigration scheme from Europe.  This scheme was backed by 22 nations of the world, including Australia and it operated from its headquarters in Geneva.

As part of the conditions, he undertook to  regularly attend the nearest free night class made available by the Australian Government for the purpose of providing migrants with instruction in the English language.

Clearly from the extract shown (below) he was thought of as a "Good strong type" by the person assessing his application. 

Whilst he did have his qualifications as an Electrician (see below), he had to apply to emigrate to Australia as a general labourer. Note the work "Reject" It reads Apprenticeship & Insufficient work experience as Ele Mechanic Tradesman - Reject all up as Electro Mech

He also had to supply referees in relation to the work he had been engaged in. There is a notation in black that indicates he was working in "house construction work". Given the post-war building boom that was occurring in Australia at this time, It always surprised me that they didn't accept his recent qualifications as an Electrician. The reason why he left his work is also noted as "Arbeitslos" or in English, "Unemployed". Jobs had become harder to find, Arno and his sister Brigitte were both unable to work in Germany.  Brigitte also emigrated, to Canada, she currently lives in Montreal.

Once this report had been received, Arno was then referred to have a chest x-ray to check for tuberculosis or TB as it was often referred to.  A local doctor also assessed him for general health issues too. Arno then had to wait for the "stamp of approval" to be accepted, to come to Australia. Once it arrived, it wasn't long before he was ready to leave his home, his siblings and his parents, his family support network.

Arno boarded the Fairsea in Bremerhaven on the 18th September 1953, it travelled through the Suez Canal, where Arno traded his traditional German Hat for a leather satchel, featuring the Pyramids of Egypt.  Which remains in the family today.  The ship docked in Naples, Italy.  By this time there were 1,890 passengers on board.  Like most cruises of today, there were daily newsletters shared

The ship landed in Fremantle, Western Australia on 18th October, where Arno disembarked.

Video below shows in detail the 'Fairsea' the ship on a journey from Bremerhaven to Quebec, Canada in September 1953, just prior to it's journey to Australia

MS Fairsea Bremerhaven to Quebec, Canada - September 1953

Front Page of The West Australian 19th October 1953
Source: http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article52934984 Accessed 10 Oct 2016

                                      Source: http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article52934984 Accessed 10 Oct 2016

He was then taken to Holden Migrant Holding Centre/Camp for processing.  This centre was located 96km (60 miles) from Perth.

What happens to Arno next...??? Where does he go and what adventures are ahead for him?

Come back for part three, was this the 'Utopia' he was dreaming of???


Fiona Tellesson (nee Zapf)
Sharing the passion of family history
Chief Genealogist
Experts In Genealogy

Thursday, October 6, 2016

How A Young Man From War-Torn Germany Found His Utopia On The Other Side Of The World Part One

How a young man from war-torn Germany found his utopia on the other side of the world.

It's nine years today since my father passed away. This is his story.

Arno Josef Zapf was born on the 3rd July 1932 in Staffelstein, Bavaria, Germany.

Town Hall, Staffelstein

The fourth of seven children born to Lucia Hagenbarth and Hans Josef Zapf. He was a bright child, but world war two was about to change all of their lives. The family lived in the beautiful medieval town of Bamberg, with its gorgeous cobblestoned roads. Right in the middle of Bamberg, above the Bakery in Gruner Markt.

(Bamberg is a World Heritage Site, nominated by UNESCO in 1993. The city follows the early Medieval street plans, being laid out in the form of a cross with a church at each of the four points.)

From L-R Gisela, Heinrich, Arno, Brigitte
and Helmuth Zapf at the front c1936

It must have been extremely cramped. But, Arno never complained about that aspect of his childhood, except when the word 'Polenta' was mentioned, then he would tell us now much he hated it! Food was always a scarcity as Arno grew, his mother would spend all days in her kitchen, which was part of their living quarters.  On Shrove Tuesday, Lucia would spend the day grating a huge pot of potato to make Kartoffelpuffers (Potato Fritters). These were shallow-fried and had flour and egg added to the grated potato. Arno would then ensure that he won the competition, which was to eat the most number of Kartoffelpuffers, ending up always, with a sore stomach.

Bamberg was hit by bombing from the allied forces during 1945 in the dying stages of world war two. It was during this time when the US Troops were stationed in Bamberg that Arno was paid by the soldiers to assist them to remove the dead bodies from the damaged buildings.  During one of our walks in 1975, Arno showed me the buildings. Here is some rare footage (no sound) of the attack on the town of Bamberg on 15 April 1945.

Arno left school after eight years and started an apprenticeship as a hairdresser, which he didn't like at all.  He then became an apprenticed electrician in Bamberg (Firma, Deubert 1946 - 1950) and (Firma, Tempel 1951-1953) working in House construction.  But, this was now post-war Germany and once Arno finished his apprenticeship he became unemployed...it was a tough time.  He made a decision, he was going to emigrate to America.  So he started to explore this as a possibility.  

Arno in 1953 - Ready to explore the world

Where was Arno going to end up and was he (as his mother's favourite child) really going to leave the country of his birth? Come back for part two to see if he really did find his 'Utopia' on the other side of the world.


Fiona Tellesson (nee Zapf)
Sharing the passion of family history
Chief Genealogist
Experts In Genealogy

Tuesday, October 4, 2016

My Top Ten (10) Genealogy Tools

In August 2016 US bloggers James Tanner and Randy Seaver posted their top ten list for genealogy.
Pauleen Cass and now Jill Ball have done their Aussie choices.

Well, here are mine, taken from over twenty years of research using the internet.  Do you agree, or do you have your own favourites that you constantly refer back too?

Note these are in no particular order. Also, this is by no means a conclusive list, as there are far too many to list here...for all the best sites to see, visit Cyndi's List.

Ancestry.com - I've been a member since they started.  Since I use Family Tree Maker 2014 (and have done since FTM V2 1994), I now use the shakey leaves for clues, then go and prove the connections.  I am particularly enamoured with the DNA service since I had mine done whilst I was attending RootsTech2014. This has opened many more possibilities and is an exciting tool, even if I don't fully understand it all - yet!!!

I have loved genealogy.com (taken over by Ancestry and now, sadly a read-only site) since it was GenForum - you may find some genealogical research not located elsewhere as it goes back a long time in web years.

National Archives Australia - they a complete treasure trove there in their Record Search I happened to find my father's immigration record and downloaded the complete file, but since the amendment of the privacy act in 2000 access to these digital records has become limited. However, on the other hand, there have been some subsets of records that now have their own pages, to explore. Bringing Them Home - Name Index which is a list of index entries that point to Government records for Indigenous in the Northern Territory (1911 - 1978) and Victoria (approx 1860 - 1970). See the site for further information. I have managed to find lots of information on NAA to add 'meat' to the 'bone' of the family histories, that I've been researching and working on over the last 45+ years.

Discovering Our ANZAC's This was put together by the National Archives of Australia and Archives New Zealand.  Launched on the 28th October 2014 it contains all the digitised records from the Boer War and World War One.  Holding the records of 600,000 people, including 140,000 New Zealanders. (I was amongst the first to order a copy of my partner's grandfather's WW1 service history. You had to do this to get access to the digital copy...now they are all available.)

© National Archives of Australia 

Ryerson Index - My go-to site when I'm looking for recent deaths that may not be found in death indexes in the various states of Australia

SA Genealogy's South Australian Online Search - Some people I speak with who research, mainly on the east coast of Australia, have found research difficult in South Australia.  This is one of my fav sites...shhh it's our little secret...ok?!? 

Trove - what can I say about this awesome site...I'm addicted.  I have to allocate my time, or I'm on this site day and night...You may know it for the digitised newspapers of Australia, but also use it for pictures, archived websites (1996 - now), books, audio (found an audio of my partner's great aunt, well someone who had engaged with her during her working life, here in Australia) diaries and letters, etc.

Searching for those elusive Scottish Ancestors who landed in Australia and seemed to have walked on water to get here?  Then check out the Scottish Archive Network they have the 1852-1857 Highland and Islands Emigration Society Passenger Lists. You may just find that missing emigration information for the family tree.

Google Newspapers - The Sydney Morning Herald is available from the 1830's to 1980's and has been an invaluable aid for research for me as a professional.  It's also a great way to find out what was happening during a particular time. Search to find your preferred newspaper, (if it's here, otherwise check out Trove for Australian Newspapers). You never know what it is you may find.

Many Australians have links with 'Australian Royalty' CONVICTS. Once kept hidden within families at all costs, I've seen a complete switch in attitude, through the length of my research, with people now wishing them had a convict in their family.  Tasmania is rich in convict history.  The site that has made that research less difficult is LINC with the Tasmanian Name Index with a list of resources too numerous to mention here.  Go check this site out if you have any connections at all with Tasmania.

GADD Family of John GADD Convict Tasmania
Sarah GADD nee Manton with son George Henry GADD & his family

Well, clearly I cannot count!  I hope you have found something of interest in My Top Ten (10) Genealogy Tools.


Sharing the passion of family history
Chief Genealogist 
Experts In Genealogy