Friday, August 23, 2019

When Is A Birth Certificate Not A Birth Certificate???

The genealogical certificate (Abstammungsurkunde) was a 'civil status' document made under German law.  It was created to prove the birth of a child and it differed (ever so slightly) from a actual Birth Certificate.
It's main purpose (of the genealogical certificate) was to determine marriage bans with adopted children. This became just another example of excess paperwork, and the genealogical certificate was abolished in Germany on the 1 January, 2009 by the 'Civil Status Law Reform Act'.
So. Genealogical certificates were issued up until the 31 December, 2008 by the civil registry office that had certified the birth. Contained on the certificate, amongst other things, was the name of the child, the child's sex, date of birth, place of birth, and the parents' names. Also contained on the certificate were any changes listed  that may have occurred since the birth of the child, for example, the adoption of the child and/or any name changes.
Genealogical certificates were a bonus, as it was those documents that actually reflected the descent of a person. A requirement for marriages was a genealogical certificate, as it only it showed who the biological parents were. Birth Certificates only show the legal parents, which in adoption whould name only, the adoptive parents.Since 1 January, 2009, a "certified register printout of birth registration" is required upon marriage, which also contains information about the birth parents. This differs from the birth certificate as discussed..
The biological fatherhood of the alleged biological father is not assured when printed in the aforementioned genealogical certificate or "certified register of birth."
Source : accessed 10 October 2016

Saturday, October 6, 2018

How A Young Man From War-Torn Germany Found His Utopia On The Other Side Of The World Part Three

"It's been a long while till I'll see you again..." these words were hautingly beautiful when I heard them today and I sadly remembered that on this day eleven years father passed away, suddenly. There were no goodbyes, in an instant he was on his next journey, without me. We had shared a unique experience back in 1975/76 when we visited the area of his birth Bamberg, Germany. (Discussed in Part One). He shared with me, then, a lot of his experience as a young boy growing up in Bamberg, Germany.

However, part of his story, that he didn't share with me, has been the nature of my research for the past two years. It's taken a while, because of my health and the lack of information that I've been able to find. But today, I think it's time to tell the rest of what I've found...if you missed the second part, or need to refresh your it is

Once Arno arrived and had cleared all the immigration details in Fremantle, He was then taken to Holden Migrant Holding Centre/Camp for processing.  The centre was located 96km (60 miles) from Perth and The Department of Immigration was responsible for the camp.

Alien Registration. 

Due to the World Wars, the Australian Government at this time, required all non-British immigrants to be registered. Alien registration forms may include: Name of Ship, Date of and Port of Arrival into Australia. Date and Place of Birth. Occupation, marital Status, a physical description, or a photograph, and, place of residence and in some instances who the employer was.

Luckily for me, my mother pulled down from storage, some papers of Dad's, and inside the stash of paperwork, was a 'gold nugget', a piece of my Dad's history, that I had never seen before...his "Certificate of Registration.

Certificate of Registration 

Within this 'passport' type document, is a wealth or treasure trove of information, that opened up a huge puzzle for me...
What I found was so joyous, as I knew nothing about those early years...I had it totally wrong...wrong...wrong...!!!  So the whole purpose of recording this story is so I can get it into a timeline and correct all the misconceptions that I had and replace them with facts.

Personal Information & Ship Arrival Details

Arno arrived in Fremantle on the 18 October 1953. I couldn't imagine what his first impression of Australia could have been.  So, I did what any researcher would do...I went there.  It took me longer than I imagined, but to stand at the spot where my father, with his battered brown suitcase arrived by himself in a foreign country, not able to speak a word of bought tears to my eyes and a big lump to my throat...

Fremantle Immigration Wharf

Fremantle Immigration Wharf

Fremantle Immigration Wharf

 Wharf at Fremantle - Where Immigrants Arrived in 1953

Immigration Museam, Fremantle, Western Australia

I can only imagine Dad's first thoughts...Where do I get a beer???  I also think that if he could have, he would have found the nearest pub and had his first Aussie Beer...
National Hotel, Fremantle

Instead, he was taken by train, directly from the wharf and leaving late in the night traveling to 'HOLDEN' which was stamped in large red letters in his Certificate of Registration, arrived in the early hours of the next day.With the arrival of the train in Northam, they were quickly transported aboard a bus and taken to the Holden camp. Where they were given a hot meal, and allocated quarters. 

His paperwork was issued in Perth on 20 October 1953. He was a tall strapping lad 6' 4" (195 cm), so he probably wasn't going to be sitting around for long waiting for work.  The Migrant Camp was rough and ready. Huts had been transfered from the Army Camp in Northam to the Holden Migration Camp, in Northam. Where the newly arrived immigrants were assigned employment. 

Source: Trove 
West Australian (Perth, WA : 1879 - 1954), Monday 19 September 1949, page 8 (Accessed 07 Oct 2018)

Information about meals at Holden Camp
Source: Trove Northam Advertiser (WA : 1895 - 1918; 1948 - 1955), Friday 10 July 1953, page 1

West Australian (Perth, WA : 1879 - 1954), Monday 30 August 1954, page 3

With his skills, as an electrician (Arno, had immigrated as an unskilled labourer in the Australian Government Assisted Passage scheme), he was quickly snapped up to work (as a labourer) for the Kwinana Construction Group, in Kwinana, on 26 October 1953. He was involved in the work of the construction of the largest oil refinerery.The Kwinana Refinery, operated by BP, is located on the shore of Cockburn Sound at Kwinana, near Fremantle, Western Australia. It was constructed by the then Anglo-Iranian Oil Company and completed in 1955. It is the largest oil refinery in Australia, with a capacity of 138,000 barrels per day (source: Wikipedia).


In July 1954 Arno was working in Rockingham and living in Smythe Street. Then in January 1955 we find that he is working for the Public Works Department in Broome, Western Australia. It's here where Armo is told that to get his electrical qualifications, his best option is to go to Victoria, where the licencing will give him the ability to use his licence in other states of Australia. Since his best friend Theo Kello is now living in Melbourne, he boards a ship and arrives in Melbourne in August of 1955.  Living at 13 Princess Terrace, St Kilda, Victoria.

In Part Four, I will cover the final chapter of Arno's life and we will finally get to find how a young man from war-torn Germany, found his Utopia on the other side of the world.


Fiona Tellesson (nee Zapf)
Sharing the passion of family history
Chief Genealogist
Experts In Genealogy

Tuesday, April 24, 2018

Daniel Frank Kelly


1886 - 1916

'No Known Grave'

Photo supplied by Maggie Goss

   Daniel Frank Kelly was born in November 1886 in Sebastian, Victoria, Australia. 


The eldest child and son of Michael Kelly and Margaret Mary Mulvahill, Daniel was a hard working lad and was working as a Butcher at A W Brown Butcher Marong, Victoria, Australia, in 1913.  He was also involved in the Hibernian Australian Catholic Benefit Society (HACBS) a church based support network that had been established by Irish immigrants.
By 1914 as the clouds of world war one were rumbling in Europe, Daniel was living and working in Raywood, Bendigo, Victoria, Australia and Daniel was still working as a butcher.

War broke out on the 28 July 1914,when Archduke Franz Ferdinand of the Austro-Hungarian Empire was assassinated in Sarajevo.The Austro-Hungarian Empire declared war on Serbia on 1 August 1914.

      He didn't rush off for the 'adventure of a life time', he waited until the stories of great battles were being reported in the newspapers of the day and finally signed up on the 12 July 1915, 'The Great War' had been going at that time for nearly a year. He was 28 years & 9 months old, 5' 9" tall, fair complexion, blue eyes, auburn hair and 'clean shaven'.  At that time he had been working for A W Brown Butcher Marong, Victoria for three years. He would have been considered an ideal candidate for the armed forces because of his 'stable' work history.

His service number was 3049 and he was assigned to Depot Coy 51, 6th Battalion Infantary AIF 10/6 Reinforcement, Firstly as a Private and then Lance Corporal on 4 August 1916 when he was serving in France.

He proceeded to join the british expeditionary forces 26 March 1916 at Alexandria, then disembarked at Marsailles from the HMAT Ballarat.

Daniel was involved in the Battle of Pozières 23 July 1916 to 7 August 1916 which involvedmany battalions and divisions (see
He was listed as Wounded and Mission' on the 15 August 1916. His mother continued to write to the AIF and request information about the where abouts of her son...

 A Court of Enquiry was held on the 29 June 1917 where evidence was put forward to explain what had happened to Daniel Frank Kelly. It was stated that Daniel had been killed 15th August 1916, cause of death, 'Killed in Action' Place of burial - 'Particulars not yet to hand'.

Eventually details filtered back to Australia and Fr O'Carroll of Marong, through the Defence department and they were published.

It wasn't until the Red Cross investigated that more details and the following came to light during these investigations:


The results of these investigations shows that Daniel Frank Kelly was buried in the little cemetary to the right of the Chalk Pits in Sausage Gully, Pozières. He was hit in the back sitting in the reserve trench, whilst waiting to go into the trenches in Confirmation Wood (Eye witness report of W. Livingstone & Charles Stavely)

This ANZAC Day 

we remember 

Daniel Frank Kelly 1886 - 15 August 1916.


Fiona Tellesson
Chief Genealogist
Experts In Genealogy

[1], Public Member Trees (Provo, UT, USA, Operations, Inc., 2006),, Database online. Record for Daniel Frank Kelly.
[2], Australia Birth Index, 1788-1922 (Provo, UT, USA, Operations, Inc., 2010),, Record for Daniel Kelly.
[3], Australia, WWI Service Records, 1914-1920 (Provo, UT, USA, Operations, Inc., 2015),, Record for Daniel Frank Kelly.
[Source citation includes one media item]
[4], Australian Electoral Rolls, 1903-1954 (Provo, UT, USA, Operations Inc, 2010),, Record for Daniel Frank Kelly.
[Source citation includes one media item]
[5], Australian Electoral Rolls, 1903-1954 (Provo, UT, USA, Operations Inc, 2010),, Record for Daniel Frank Kelly.
[Source citation includes one media item]

Tuesday, April 25, 2017



I first became aware of the Three Young Men from Charters Towers, whilst doing research 
(2002-2015) on Samuel William HARRY whose life was detailed in 2015. You may read Samuel's story here. Hugh Quinn the second (who had Quinns Post named after him) had his story told here...these two men were mates in Charters Towers, Queensland. They had many common interests too. But, there was also a third young man, whose name was John Francis Walsh.

One of the main reasons for doing John's story last, was that I truly believed that it would be difficult to tell his story. But, I was so, so wrong.


John Francis Walsh was the third son of John Walsh and Ellen Buckley born 1 February 1890 in Charters Towers. He had three brothers, Edward Peter, Robert Joseph, William John and an elder sister Mary Catherine Walsh. John was educated at the Boys' Central State School, Charters Towers and went on to the Townsville Grammar School, Townsville. 

Boys' Central State School, Charters Towers (Accessed 25 April 2017)

He became a Forwarding & Customs Agent (A person that organises shipments for individuals or corportations to get goods from the customer to a market or final point of distribution, used widely in the area of shipping consignments). As such he travelled between Cairns and Townsville in this position. He had a great life and was involved in the St. Monica's Amateur Dramatic Society along with his fiance Angela Theresa Hogan (known as Tess Hogan) they had become engaged on Saturday the 13th December 1913.  

Engagement Notice
"Town & Country" Cairns Post (Qld. : 1909 - 1954) 
13 December 1913: 6. Web. 25 Apr 2017 

Tess was a music teacher, who worked for one of the local schools. She was also a fine singer, appearing in musical productions for many years.

MUSICAL ANNOUNCEMENT. (1913, January 21). 
Cairns Post (Qld. : 1909 - 1954), p. 4. 
Retrieved April 25, 2017, from

Edmonton Concert. (1919, July 24). 
Cairns Post (Qld. : 1909 - 1954), p. 4. 
Retrieved April 25, 2017, from

Tess was a well loved part of the Walsh family in Charter's Towers as evidenced in the social news of the time:

1914 'SOCIAL ITEMS.', 
The Northern Miner (Charters Towers, Qld. : 1874 - 1954), 5 December, p. 7. ,
 viewed 25 Apr 2017,

John's first commission was dated 22nd February 1909, as 2nd. Lieutenant, and as Lieutenant on, the 8th May, 1911. He became Captain on 22nd. April 1912, at the creditably early age of twenty-two, he embarked for duty on the 8th August 1914 in Cairns, traveling to Thursday Island (War Station) Garrison Duty. He enlisted for duty 'outside Australia' on the 14th August 1914 in the Kennedy Regiment, and when the regiment was mobilised and sent to Thursday Island, he accompanied them aboard the Kanowna on the 16th August 1914, to take part in the capture of German New Guinea. He did not take part in this 'capture' due to a mutiny of the crew occuring, (but that's another story).

The unit was disbanded on the 18th September 1914, when volunteers were called for service in the Pacific, he was amongst the first of them, as had been Hugh Quinn and Samuel William Harry, and on the return of  the Kanowna to Townsville, he, also with the others of North Queensland's best, offered their services abroad and they were eagerly accepted. 

From the Cairns Post (Qld. : 1909 - 1954), Thursday 6 May 1915, page 4


Killed in Action.

A painful sensation was caused in Cairns on Wednesday when it was known that the late Area Ofiicer of this district had been killed in action at the Dardanelles. The keenest regret was everywhere expressed, and many tributes to the deceased officers worth were heard on all sides. Speaking on the subject, Lieutenant N. P. Draper said, "Walsh was undoubtedly the smartest' officer in the Kennedy Regiment. He was always enthusiastic, and a power of strength to any of the officers who had the pleasure of serving with him. On the late expedition to New Guinea he proved his theoretical knowledge in actual practice. His ever cheerful nature and constant anxiety. for the comfort of his men gained him the respect of all ranks."

John Francis Walsh was just over twenty-five years of age, having been born on the 1st. February, 1890. His first commission was dated 22nd February 1909, as 2nd. Lieutenant, and as Lieutenant on, the 8th May, 1911. He became Captain on 22nd. April 1912, at the creditably early age of twenty-two. He sailed for Egypt among, the Second Contingent, with the rank of Lieutenant, under which he is referred to in the official cas-ualty list. His inclustion in this Fifth Division at the Dardenalles proves that that Division is not exclusively composed of First Contingent men.

In private life the late Captain Walsh enjoyed the esteem of all who knew. him. He won his way by merit, not by bluster. In addition to his military duties he was an active participant in the social amenities of. Cairns, and his Work in connection with St. Monica's Amateur Dramatic Society will long be remembered. He was a member of a well-known Charters Towers family, and was engaged to a highly-respected Cairns young lady. To all the bereaved, relatives the most earnest sympathy is extended.
This, so far as is known, is the first Cairns casualty in actual warfare. We must face the fact that it will not be.the last.

A Requiem Mass will be held at St.. Monica's on Saturday morning.

An excellent likeness of the late Captaln Walsh will be published in next week's "Northern Herald."

Studio portrait of Captain John Francis Walsh

15th Battalion from Charters Towers, Queensland. Recruited in May 1907 into the 2nd Infantry, he was promoted to Sergeant in June 1908 and commissioned a Second Lieutenant in February 1909. Later promotions saw him a Lieutenant on 8 May 1911 and a Captain on 22 April 1912. He embarked for Garrison Duty on Thursday Island on 8 August 1914, was transferred to the Australian Naval and Military Expeditionary Force (AN&MEF) as a Captain on 14 August 1914 and embarked for New Guinea two days later. He joined the AIF as a 24 year old on 28 September 1914 and embarked for overseas with A Company, 15th Battalion from Melbourne on 22 December 1914 aboard HMAT Ceramic. After being promoted to Major on 1 February 1915, he was killed in action at Gallipoli on 28 April 1915 and is commemorated on the Lone Pine Memorial, Gallipoli, Turkey with others who have no known grave.
Source: (Accessed 25 April 2017)

Lone Pine - Memorial_walsh-jf-hs-00

The effects of Major John Francis were despatched via the Kanowna on the 20th October 2015.  The very ship that had transported him to Gallipoli was now taking his belongings back to Australia.  The contents are listed here:

As if losing her son wasn't bad enough...the army then requested this information, even after Ellen Walsh was named 'next of kin' on all his paperwork.  Ellen than had to contest the bureaucracy of the army...

They wanted to give the medals to his deceased father...John Walsh. They wanted a 'nearer blood relations'.  The sadest part of this story is that by the time the medals were 'awarded' Ellen Walsh had died.

Major John Francis

A Company, 15th Battalion, Australian Imperial Force

Born 1st February,1890 at Charters Towers, Queensland, Australia
[Birth certificate: 90/006950 Qld]

Educated: Boys' Central State School, Charters Towers; Townsville Grammar School, Townsvile, Queensland

Single; Forwarding agent and [Military] Area Officer, of Cairns and Townsville, Queensland

Next of Kin listed as: Father; John Walsh. Mother; Ellen Walsh (nee Buckley), of Corner of Jane & Stubley Streets, Charters Towers Qld.

Photos of Major Walsh are known to exist in the following locations: 
Townsville Grammar School Magazine Mar 1916 p179. Group photo Chataway facing p18 & facing p27. Brisbane Daily Mail 6 May 1915 p4. Sydney Mail 19 May 1915 p8

Source: (Accessed 25 April 2017)


Friday, January 27, 2017

To The Year That Was...To The Year Coming...Experts In Genealogy Full Steam Ahead!!!

Goodbye 2016...Hello 2017

"Celebrate Your Genealogy Feats of 2016!"

Thanks to an email I received late last year from Diane Haddad Editor, Family Tree MagazineI’d like to finally bid goodbye to the year that was 2016…(better late, than never). It wasn’t one of my fav years, I had my biggest health challenge to date, a diagnosis of Leukaemia…but it is a battle that I’m currently winning. So whilst the year didn’t progress well for me initially, it ended up on a much happier note. So now I'm going to celebrate my genealogy feats of 2016...

Genealogy was 'technically' put on ‘hold’ as I focused on getting well as quickly as possible. But I did manage a few wins…

Completed the second blog about ‘Three Young Men From Charters Towers’ who went to Gallipoli and didn’t return home. This year will be about the third…it’s due for publication 25 April 2017 – Look out for it. The first one I did is here

Cousin Michael & Fiona

My Cousin arrived from Germany for a ‘flying’ visit and yes, he loved this gorgeous country...we shared as much family information as we could.  I know we shall remain close and help each other to collect even more information.  Particularly the Bohemian Glassblowers on our Hegenbarth Grandmother's line. I can feel a blog coming on...

My DNA Results

Finally got a response from one of my requests on Ancestry re a DNA match…yay…yay…yay!!! Better still a match on a line that I had very little knowledge until recently - another blog coming very soon!

Got to connect with more gene friends on facebook. They help me try/experience more things and grow as a genealogist – thank you, friends :)

Blogged a little more…told my father in law's story (the short version) then started to tell the story of my father –  which became a much bigger task than I had initially realised…it’s still to be completed…but I’m on my way. Here is Part One & Part Two

Got lots of drafts ready (part of the way, at least) for the blog, which will be telling the story of my Ancestors and that has to be a good thing.

Made some positive decisions about moving forward with Genealogy – It’s my passion and my purpose

Yes, I still have a lot ahead of me…but it does look like 2016 was paving the way for 2017 to be the... 


Sunday, November 6, 2016

The Gundpowder Plot - Guy Fawkes Night The Origins & Why It's Still Celebrated Today

Who remembers Guy Fawkes Night?  Back in the 1950's and 60's it became commonplace with the development of the quarter acre blocks of homes being developed. Every 5th of November families would gather around for the spectacular effects of the fireworks.

We used to have pinwheels shooting from the fence, roman wheels, penny bangers making lots of noise and was fun. Regulations regarding fireworks is a state issue. It got banned by most states in Australia in the 1980's by the governments of the country because too many people were getting injured by the fireworks. Currently, the only states to allow fireworks are the Northern Territory and Tasmania.

Fireworks in London 1952

But where did this all originate from and why did it remain such a tradition for families?

It became known as the Gunpowder Plot of 1605.  But in earlier centuries it was often called the Gunpowder Treason Plot or even the Jesuit Treason.  It came about as a failed assassination attempt against King James I of England and VI of Scotland. The group responsible for this failed attack were provincial English Catholics led by Robert Catesby.

The group of plotters first met on the 20th May 1604. Robert Catesby was joined by some friends, Thomas Wintour, Jack Wright and Thomas Percy.  They met at the Duck and Drake, located in the Strand. A fifth person was Guy Fawkes. Fawkes was from York but he had been recruited by the group from Flanders, He had relevant experience, having already served in the Spanish army.

A plan was hatched to blow up Parliament House in Westminster and to this end they leased a small house located in the centre of Westminster, where Fawkes was placed as a caretaker, using the alias of John Johnson.

Parliament had been postponed to not sit again until the 5th November 1605.  In the meantime, the group had increased to a total of ten.  Robert Keyes, Robert Wintour, John Grant and Kit Wright were all related to the original members and one other was a servant of Catesby, Thomas Bates who was a very loyal servant and equally passionate to be involved.

In the March of 1605, the group proceeded to take out a lease of a ground floor cellar, which was located near the house they had rented earlier.  The cellar was positioned directly underneath the House of Lord.  They gradually moved in 36 barrels of gunpowder, which was enough to blow up everything in its vicinity, should it be ignited.

Guy Fawkes was rallying for support and went back to Flanders, where he was spotted by English spies, who reported his dealings.  A link was eventually made between Fawkes and Catesby. Still, more plotters were recruited, Ambrose Rookwood, Francis Tresham and Sir Everard Digby. The last two were of means and owned a large number of horses, which the plotters required to acquire for the plot to succeed.

The whole point of the uprising was to bring Elizabeth, daughter of King James I of England and VI of Scotland in as a puppet queen, to give the Catholics in England more empathy and religious tolerance. Which they felt had vanished during the reign of King James.

The plot was 'leaked' to the government via an anonymous letter on October 26th 1605. During a thorough search of the House of Lords, around midnight on the 4th November 1605, Guy Fawkes was caught 'red-handed' guarding the 36 barrels of gunpowder and he was arrested. Others tried to flee from London as they became aware of the arrest of Fawkes.  They were captured, Catesby was shot and killed along with another, during an altercation with the Sheriff of Worcester. Eight of the surviving plotters were tried on the 27th January 1606.  All were convicted to be hanged, drawn and quartered.

By Unknown (printed for P. Brooksby, I. Deacon, I. Blare, I. Back.) -, Public Domain,

Following the thwarting of the plot, Londoners were encouraged to celebrate the King's escape from assassination, by lighting bonfires and this tradition continues today.

To read more about this fascinating story go here.  I hope you have enjoyed reading the story behind the tradition.


Fiona Tellesson
Sharing the passion of family history
Chief Genealogist
Experts In Genealogy